When it comes to a healthy OA publishing ecosystem, diversity in business models may be key. To avoid a mere shift from reader pays to author pays system, publishers are exploring new models to make OA content sustainable on both the books and journals fronts. These include going direct to libraries with package offerings that include extras to improve reader experience, particularly around content for classrooms. Some freemium models are designed to break down the silos and functions of traditional publishing, enabling open peer review, community engagement, and multi-modal content.
Building upon strong bases of support, consortium or subscriber-funded projects seek to open content, like invited review articles not suitable for APC charges, or even to flip entire disciplines. Other new initiatives see grant or government funding as the best way to get new regional projects off the ground.
Staines, H., Farrell, E., Paul Eve, M., & Berghahn, V. (2020). Redux Online Webinar 3: Open Access: Sales - Open Access business models for books and journals. Cambridge Open Engage. doi:10.33774/coe-2020-05l1b.